Lepomis gibbosus, Pumpkinseed : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pumpkinseed
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Lepomis gibbosus
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012);  gibbosus: gibbosus from gibbous, or like a full moon, referring to body shape (Ref. 1998).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce; estuarina bentopelágico; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 41 m (Ref. 1998). Subtropical; 4°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 50°N - 32°N, 125°W - 64°W (Ref. 86798)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

North America: New Brunswick in Canada south to Savannah River in Georgia, USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and upper Mississippi River basins from Quebec west to southeastern Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri, USA. Introduced to Pacific drainages from British Columbia to California. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 86798); common length : 9.9 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 12193); peso máx. Publicado: 630.00 g (Ref. 4699); Idade máx. registada: 12 anos (Ref. 72493)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 10 - 12; Raios dorsais moles (total): 10-12; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais moles: 8 - 11; Vértebras: 28 - 30

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as quiet pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 86798). Feeds on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref. 1998), as well as fish eggs (Ref. 2058). Adtults rarely form schools but occur in pairs or loose aggregations of three to four individuals; young individuals aggregate in fairly large schools (Ref. 120693). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref. 59043). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Considered undesirable catch (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Males build the nest on very shallow waters near the shore. The pair then swims in a circular path over the nest and eggs and sperm is released in intervals. The male guards the eggs for about 7 days (Ref. 93240) and the young (to about 11 days after hatching), then prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females (Ref. 1998). In European waters, each male may spawn with several females in one nest and guard the nest until abandoned by larvae (Ref. 59043). Produces up to 1000 eggs (Ref. 1672).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Potential pest





Utilização humana

Pescarias: pescarias de subsistência; peixe desportivo: sim; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Referências
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00922 - 0.01430), b=3.12 (3.07 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (tm=2; Fec=600-5000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100).
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.