Opisthonema oglinum (Lesueur, 1818)

Atlantic thread herring
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Opisthonema oglinum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Sounds | Google image
Image of Opisthonema oglinum (Atlantic thread herring)
Opisthonema oglinum
Picture by Charteris, M.

Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ακτινοπτερύγιοι > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Opisthonema: Greek, opisthe = behind + Greek,nema = filament (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lesueur.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά) Υφαλόφιλο(α); εύρος βάθους 1 - 50 m (Ref. 93252), usually 5 - ? m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 41°N - 37°S, 98°W - 33°W (Ref. 188)

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine (USA), Bermuda, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and West Indies southward to Santa Catarina, Brazil. Also found in Uruguay (Ref. 54736) and Argentina (Ref. 2806).

Length at first maturity / Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm 11.5, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 5217); common length : 20.0 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 188); μεγ. δημοσιευμένο βάρος: 375.00 g (Ref. 5217)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 0; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 19-21; Εδρικές άκανθες 0; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 23 - 24. The filamentous last dorsal fin ray distinguishes this species from all other western Atlantic clupeoids except Dorosoma, which has an inferior mouth (Ref. 188). Otherwise, superficially resembles species of Sardinella (but i 8 pelvic fin rays in western Atlantic species, cf. i 7 in Opisthonema) and Harengula (but small toothed hypomaxilla in upper jaw) (Ref. 188). Lower gill rakers stable at 28 to 46 after 8 cm (Ref. 188). Silvery, with a bluish or greenish back, 6-7 lengthwise dark streaks on side. Dark spot above opercle, larger dark spot behind opercle, usually with a row of dark spots behind it. Lower profile deeply curved. Head pointed (Ref. 7251).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Inhabit harbors and shallow coastal areas (Ref. 9710). Pelagic (Ref. 27549). Form schools (but solitary individuals reported), probably not entering water of low salinity. Feed by filtering plankton (copepods), but also take small fishes, crabs and shrimps. Marketed fresh, frozen and salted; also used in the fishmeal industry. Occur in freshwater in St. Johns River, Florida (Ref. 26938).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Possibly breeds in March-July off Venezuela.

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής | Συνεργάτες

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 23 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)

Human uses

αλιεία: Εμπορικό(ά); δόλωμα: usually

Περισσότερες πληροφορίες

Κοινά ονόματα
Γεννητική Ωρίμανση
Συναθροίσεις γεννοβολίας
Egg development
Προφίλ υδατοκαλλιέργειας
Συχνότητες αλληλόμορφων
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Κολυμβητικός Τύπος
Επιφάνεια βραγχίων


Special reports

Download XML

Διαδικτυακές πηγές

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.7 - 28, mean 25.5 (based on 480 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00757 - 0.01002), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 69278):  Μεσαίο(α), ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού 1,4 - 4,4 έτη (tm=1-3; tmax=8).
Prior r = 1.18, 95% CL = 0.78 - 1.77, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.