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Protochondrostoma genei (Bonaparte, 1839)

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Protochondrostoma genei
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Protochondrostoma: Name comes from the basal position of this genus in the group of genera that formerly comprised Chondrostoma..
More on author: Bonaparte.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性. 溫帶; 48°N - 42°N, 4°E - 15°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic basin, from Soca to Vomano drainages in Italy and Slovenia. Introduced to Tuscany and Latium in Centa, Magra, Arno, Ombrone and Tevere basins.
歐洲: 法國 (參考文獻 556) ,義大利與斯洛維尼亞.(參考文獻 26100)

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 556); common length : 15.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 556)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

The only species in genus which differs from species of Chondrostoma in Apennine Peninsula by having broad dark midlateral stripe from head to caudal base, arched mouth, lower lip with thin but well developed cornified sheath, 50-62 scales along lateral line; 8½ branched dorsal rays, 14-19 gill rakers, slender body, depth 20-27% SL, and pectoral, pelvic, anal and caudal fins at least with red basis (Ref. 59043).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in middle reaches of rivers and main tributaries, in piedmont, with moderate to swift current, over gravel bottom. Occurs in groups. Omnivorous, feeding mainly on aquatic insects and epilithic algae. Undertakes small spawning migration in large groups towards main tributaries. Spawns in swift current on gravel (Ref. 59043). Reported to spawn in March-May (Ref. 26100) and in May-June (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to the introduction of other species and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).

一種生命期短的種成群生活在河的 barb-區中。 繁殖是從三月到五月。 (參考文獻 26100) 受到威脅的由於其他魚種的引入與棲息地破壞.(參考文獻 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

歐洲: 法國 (參考文獻 556) ,義大利與斯洛維尼亞.(參考文獻 26100)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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漁業: 沒有興趣
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00375 - 0.01605), b=3.13 (2.97 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.28 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100).