Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 46 m (Ref. 36715), usually ? - 15 m (Ref. 36715). Subtropical; 45°N - 29°N, 125°W - 115°W
Eastern Pacific: Yaquina Bay in Oregon, USA to Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 39275)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found commonly on rocky bottom in tide pools and near shore, also in kelp and eelgrass beds. Occur up to 46 m depth but usually at less than 15 m. Viviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36715). Most important rockfish to rocky shore and jetty fishermen. Good eating.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 18.2, mean 15.4 °C (based on 59 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00479 - 0.02087), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=23; tm=3.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .