Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335); urisa: Named with reference to the village name (Urisa) near the type locality..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91054)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 5;
soft rays: 21 - 23. Can be diagnosed from all its congeners from Bomberai Peninsula and Bird’s Neck region by the combination of the following characters: dorsal fin with IV to V-I,12 -15 rays; anal fin with I,21-23 rays ; 36-39 lateral scales; 10-11 transverse scales; 18-20 predorsal scales; 13-16 cheek scales; 17-18 gillrakers; head length 23.7-25.2% of standard length; snout length 7.6-8.7% of SL; interorbital width 7.9-8.8% of SL; eye diameter, 8.0-9.0% of SL; body width 10.0-11.2% of SL; predorsal length 50.6-54.5% of SL; prepelvic length 36.3-39.2% of SL; preanal length 47.0-49.1% of SL; caudal peduncle length 16.3-19.0 and depth 8.6-10.0% of SL; pectoral fin length 15.2-17.4% of SL and pelvic fin 11.0-13.7% of SL; anal fin height 6.8-9.9% of SL; spine length on the anal fin 7.1-8.5% of SL; dorsal-fin base length 30.8-35.7% of SL and second dorsal-fin base length 20.4-23.5% of SL (Ref. 91054).
Occurs in a karst spring, consisting of an artesian resurgence of blue freshwater in a brackish swampy environment with a size and volume varying with the season and with the tidal fluctuation. The bottom of the spring is composed of white sand and limestone boulder with substantial dead tree branches. Syntopic with an unknown species of crayfishes, Cherax sp. (Ref. 91054).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kadarusman, R.K. Hadiaty, G. Segura, G. Setiawibawa, D. Caruso and L. Pouyaud, 2012. Four new species of Rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae) from Arguni Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Cybium 36(2):369-382. (Ref. 91054)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .