Rutilus rutilus, Roach : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Roach
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Rutilus rutilus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Rutilus: Latin, rutilus = reddish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 15 - ? m. 溫帶; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 1672); 71°N - 36°N, 10°W - 155°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: north to Pyrenees and Alps, eastward to Ural and Eya drainages (Caspian basin); Aegean basin in Pinios, Vardar, Vegoritis, Kastoria, Struma and Maritza drainages. Asia: Marmara basin and lower Sakarya in Anatolia, Aral basin, and Siberia from Ob eastward to Lena drainages. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Adriatic basin, Italy, Great Britain north of 56 N, Scandinavia north of 69° N. Locally introduced in Spain; introduced and invasive in northeastern Italy. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.
歐洲: 排除西班牙,義大利,希臘與愛爾蘭。 記錄來自愛沙尼亞了。 (參考文獻 33247) 被認為了一個有價值的種在歐洲的淡水漁場由於釣魚與商業的食物但是傾向在區域中的一個討厭的東西在那裡它已經變得確定。 亞種: 裡海的 Rutilus rutilus caspicus; Rutilus rutilus heckeli; Rutilus rutilus fluviatilis;(參考文獻 683) Rutilus rutilus aralensis;(參考文獻 11145,13403,39702) Rutilus rutilus schelkovnikovi Derzhavin, 阿拉斯河河流域中的 1926; Rutilus rutilus uzboicus 冰山, 在土庫曼的 Uzboi 山谷中的 1932.(參考文獻 39702) 至少一個國家報告引入後的不利的生態衝擊。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 14.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.2 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 88166); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 556); 最大体重: 1.8 kg (Ref. 4699); 最大年龄: 14 年 (Ref. 41616)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 3; 背的软条 (总数): 9-12; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9 - 13; 脊椎骨: 39 - 41. The only species of the genus in Atlantic basin north of Pyrénées which can be distinguished from its congeners in Black and Caspian Sea basins and Apennine Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: 39-41 + 2-3 (41-44 total) scales along lateral line; dorsal and anal fins with 10½ branched rays; body laterally compressed, depth 25-35% SL; mouth terminal; snout pointed; iris from yellow in juveniles to deep red in adults; pectoral, pelvic and anal fins orange to red; and no midlateral stripe. Differs from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by uniquely possessing 10½ branched anal rays (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 18-19 rays (Ref. 2196). Also Ref. 96829.
尾鳍有 18-19个鳍条。 (参考文献 2196)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in a wide variety of habitats, mainly in lowland areas. Most abundant in nutrient-rich lakes and large to medium sized rivers and backwaters. Also recorded from small lowland streams and from brackish coastal lagoons. In fast-flowing rivers, confined to stretches where backwaters or shelters allow for overwintering. Larvae and juveniles live in wide variety of littoral habitats. Preys predominantly on benthic invertebrates, zooplankton, plant material and detritus. May shift from littoral to pelagic habitats and between benthic food and zooplankton when abundance of a specific food item is high or for avoidance of predation and/or competition. Breeds among dense submerged vegetation in backwaters or lakes, flooded meadows or in shallow, fast-flowing river habitats on plant or gravel bottom. Undertakes short spawning migrations. Stays in backwaters or in deep parts of lakes to overwinter. Produces fertile hybrids with Abramis brama (Ref. 59043). Pale yellow eggs are found attached to vegetation and tree roots (Ref. 41678). There is only little commercial fishing for this species, but valued for recreational fishing. Utilized fresh and dried or salted; can be pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).

栖息于缓慢流动或静止又泥泞的水域。 (参考文献 9696,44894) 丰富的在河,湖,管与水库中; 在波罗的海与黑海的半淡咸水族群是溯河洄游产卵的。 (参考文献 556,44894) 能在质量差又甚至污染的水繁荣。 (参考文献 9988) 杂食性,吃昆虫,甲壳动物,软件动物与植物。 成鱼偏爱觅食植物.(参考文献 30578,44894) 淡黄色的卵被发现依附于植物与树根。 (参考文献 41678) 仔鱼是底栖的。 有唯一的小经济性的渔捕对于这个鱼种, 但是为娱乐的钓鱼评价了。 生鲜使用与乾燥或鹽醃; 可能是油鍋炸的﹐火烤的與燒烤的。 (參考文獻 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawns in shoals among dense among dense submerged vegetation in backwaters or lakes, flooded meadows or in shallow, fast-flowing river habitats on plant or gravel bottom. Eggs are sticky and hatch in about 12 days (Ref. 59043). Pale yellow eggs are attached to vegetation and tree roots (Ref. 41678).歐洲: 排除西班牙,義大利,希臘與愛爾蘭。 記錄來自愛沙尼亞了。 (參考文獻 33247) 被認為了一個有價值的種在歐洲的淡水漁場由於釣魚與商業的食物但是傾向在區域中的一個討厭的東西在那裡它已經變得確定。 亞種: 裡海的 Rutilus rutilus caspicus; Rutilus rutilus heckeli; Rutilus rutilus fluviatilis;(參考文獻 683) Rutilus rutilus aralensis;(參考文獻 11145,13403,39702) Rutilus rutilus schelkovnikovi Derzhavin, 阿拉斯河河流域中的 1926; Rutilus rutilus uzboicus 冰山, 在土庫曼的 Uzboi 山谷中的 1932.(參考文獻 39702) 至少一個國家報告引入後的不利的生態衝擊。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  潜能有害之物 (Ref. 59043)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00706 - 0.00854), b=3.16 (3.13 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.9 (5.2 - 10.8) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 17 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.10-0.21; tm=2-3; tmax=12).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 43.6 [20.9, 89.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.653 [0.365, 1.171] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.3, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.8 [0.4, 1.8] g/100g ; Selenium = 4.74 [1.34, 16.88] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34 [11, 109] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.61 [0.35, 1.21] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.