Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 64 m (Ref. 9311), usually 2 - 25 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 20°C - 24°C (Ref. 27115); 33°N - 19°S, 114°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9311)
Forms small aggregations over reefs. Feeds on suspended plankton and small hard-shelled invertebrates. Not utilized for human consumption.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner. Sex reversal is completed in 2-6 weeks (Ref. 34185, 32213).
Gomon, M.F., 1995. Labridae. Viejas, doncellasas, señoritas. p. 1201-1225. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9311)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.4 - 28.7, mean 26.4 °C (based on 52 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00456 - 0.01516), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 91 [55, 183] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.758 [0.446, 1.289] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.8, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.163 [0.102, 0.255] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.7 [16.8, 50.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 119 [40, 374] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.22, 3.14] mg/100g (wet weight);