Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: flebila: Name from Latin meaning tearful, referring to the tear-drop shaped marks on the cheek. More on authors: Greenfield, Langston & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 8 - 12 m (Ref. 58268). Tropical
Western Central Pacific: Fiji.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58268)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. The species have no distinct dark line on the dorsum from the first dorsal-fin origin onto the caudal peduncle; no dark lines above insertion of anal-fin rays; opercular flap lacking a prominent or diffuse dark spot; caudal spot small, surrounded with many diffuse melanophores on caudal peduncle; a peppering of melanophores on the breast and pelvic fins, and all of the second dorsal fin; distinct blue teardrop-like marks on cheek; blue spots on side above pectoral fin; two narrow yellow lines on midside; an iridescent blue line along anal-fin base; total developed gill rakers 27-30, usually 28 or 29; second dorsal-fin spine 21.8-35.2 % SL; body depth 39.7-47.2% SL (Ref. 58268).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W., R.C. Langston and J.E. Randall, 2005. Two new cardinalfishes of the Indo-Pacific fish genus Zoramia (Apogonidae). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 56(33):625-637. (Ref. 58268)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.1 - 29.2, mean 28 (based on 169 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00722 - 0.03321), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .