Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Stigmatopora: Greek, stigma = mark, signal + Greek, poros = porous (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kaup.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 35 m (Ref. 31838). Subtropical; 32°S - 45°S
Indo-West Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 7 cm
Max length : 16.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5316)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Body slender and snout elongate, continuous superior and inferior trunk and tail ridges, a dorsal fin which originates on trunk rings 5-9, and an extremely slender tail without a caudal fin. The trunk is broad in females and the brood pouch in males is on the underside of the tail immediately behind the anal fin. No caudal fin. Body rings: 16-19 + 67-79.
Occur in bays, estuaries and shallow coastal waters. Occurs among seagrass and algae (Ref. 31838). Occasionally found in floating seaweed (Ref. 31838). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Males may be brooding at 6.5-7 cm TL.
Up to 41 eggs are incubated by the male in a brood pouch formed from laterally expanded flaps of skin on the underside of the tail. Newly emerged larvae may remain in the pouch (Ref. 31838).
Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.9 - 20, mean 17.1 (based on 334 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00022 - 0.00111), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .