Pyrrhulina marilynae Netto-Ferreira & Marinho, 2013

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Pyrrhulina marilynae
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Lebiasinidae (Pencilfishes) > Pyrrhulininae
Etymology: Pyrrhulina: Greek, pyrrhos = red, with the colour of the fire (Ref. 45335);  marilynae: The specific epithet is in honor to Marilyn Weitzman, for her assistance to both authors since the beginning of their enterprise in studying fishes of the family Lebiasinidae. A noun (Ref. 93568).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical; 11°S - 13°S, 55°W - 57°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil. Pyrrhulina marilynae is known from the headwaters of the rio Tapajós and rio Xingu in the Brazilian Shield (Ref. 93568).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93568)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Pyrrhulina marilynae differs from all congeners (except Pyrrhulina zigzag) by presenting a conspicuous, dark primary stripe extending from tip of snout to middle caudal-fin rays, with a zigzag pattern along most body length (vs. primary stripe straight and narrow, mostly restricted to the head or not extending posterior to vertical through anal fin origin). Pyrrhulina marilynae differs from P. zigzag by the presence of a distinct, clear zigzag area lying between the primary stripe and the strongly pigmented dorsum; the lack of a hiatus on the primary stripe; and the absence of elongate dorsal-, anal- and caudal-fin rays in males (vs. clear zigzag area absent, and dorsum poorly pigmented; presence of a hiatus on the primary stripe at approximately fifth scale of fourth longitudinal series; rays of dorsal, anal and caudal-fin upper lobe distinctly elongate in males). The new species further differs from all congeners (except P. australis) by presenting nine principal rays on caudal-fin dorsal lobe, and 18 or less precaudal vertebrae (vs. 10 principal rays on caudal-fin dorsal lobe and 19 or more precaudal vertebrae). It can be further distinguished from P. australis by the absence of the posthcleithrum 2 (vs. postcleithrum 2 present). Pyrrhulina marilynae differs from all congeners (except Pyrrhulina zigzag) by presenting a conspicuous, dark primary stripe extending from tip of snout to middle caudal-fin rays, with a zigzag pattern along most body length (vs. primary stripe straight and narrow, mostly restricted to the head or not extending posterior to vertical through anal fin origin). Pyrrhulina marilynae differs from P. zigzag by the presence of a distinct, clear zigzag area lying between the primary stripe and the strongly pigmented dorsum; the lack of a hiatus on the primary stripe; and the absence of elongate dorsal-, anal- and caudal-fin rays in males (vs. clear zigzag area absent, and dorsum poorly pigmented; presence of a hiatus on the primary stripe at approximately fifth scale of fourth longitudinal series; rays of dorsal, anal and caudal-fin upper lobe distinctly elongate in males). The new species further differs from all congeners (except P. australis) by presenting nine principal rays on caudal-fin dorsal lobe, and 18 or less precaudal vertebrae (vs. 10 principal rays on caudal-fin dorsal lobe and 19 or more precaudal vertebrae). It can be further distinguished from P. australis by the absence of the posthcleithrum 2 (vs. postcleithrum 2 present) (Ref. 93568).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Weitzman, Marilyn | Collaborators

Netto-Ferreira, A.L. and M.M.F. Marinho, 2013. New species of Pyrrhulina (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Lebiasinidae) from the Brazilian Shield, with comments on a putative monophyletic group of species in the genus. Zootaxa 3664(3):369-376. (Ref. 93568)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00180 - 0.01218), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .