Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae
(Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Nasinae
Etymology: Naso: Latin, nasus = nose (Ref. 45335); tonganus: Named after Tonga, its type locality (Ref. 37792) More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius, Seychelles and Mozambique (probably wider distribution in this part of the ocean).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37792)
Inhabits coral reefs (Ref. 37792). Feeds on leafy or fleshy algae and zooplankton (Ref. 37792). Found singly or in small groups (Ref. 37792).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2001. Surgeonfishes of Hawai'i and the world.. Mutual Publishing and Bishop Museum Press, Hawai'i. 123 p. (Ref. 37792)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 706 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.01442 - 0.04376), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29.9 [15.5, 53.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.571 [0.321, 0.971] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.8, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.072, 0.194] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.9 [20.8, 80.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.1 [9.0, 99.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.3 [0.8, 2.0] mg/100g (wet weight);