Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Nannobrachium: Latin, nannus = small + Latin, brachium = the upper arm from the shoulder to the elbow; 1731 (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Deep-water; 21°S -
Circumglobal from the Subtropical Convergence to south of the Antarctic Polar Front at Weddell-Scotia confluence and northern reaches of Ross Sea, and extending northwards to 21°S in meridional currents.
13.3Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 16.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5182)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 19;
Vertebrae: 36 - 38. 14-16 AO photophores; 9-12 tooth patches on the lower limb of the second gill arch; 34-38 lateral line organs (Ref. 36121). Pectoral fins relatively long and well developed in juveniles (easily visible in individuals up to about 6 cm SL), progressively becoming relatively shorter, with thicker rays, and covered by skin (in various stages of becoming vestigial between 5-8 cm SL). Adults (greater than 8 cm SL) with vestigial rays buried in skin and not externally visible unless skin abraded or otherwise torn (Ref. 36121).
Oceanic (Ref. 4479) and mesopelagic (Ref. 75154). Usually found below 500 m at night but shallower in upwelling regions.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zahuranec, B.J., 2000. Zoogeography and systematics of the lanternfishes of the genus Nannobrachium (Myctophidae: Lampanictini). Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 607:1-69. (Ref. 36121)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.5 - 3.4, mean 2.4 (based on 1426 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00256 - 0.01178), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .