Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Darienheros: Named for the Darién area between Panamá and Colombia in combination with the old cichlid genus name Heros (meaning hero); the name Darién originates from the language spoken by the indigenous Cueva, an Indian tribe that lived in the Darién region of eastern Panamá and that were destroyed by the conquistadores during the 16th century (Romoli, 1987); the genus name is to be understood as the hero of the Darién..
More on authors: Meek & Hildebrand.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 15 - ?. Tropical; 27°C - 32°C (Ref. 7335)
Central America: Pacific slope of Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
Distinguished by its apomorphic character combination of thick lips, long preorbital distance, eye positioned relatively high on head and slightly inferior mouth; no frenum in the lower lip; no vertical bars dissolved into the irregular pattern of blotches in adults and by lacking divisions of vertical bars three or four; 13 abdominal vertebrae, with only one pterygiophore anteriorly from the first haemal spine; A VI; second lower lip small; anteroventral palatine wing not reduced and the median palatovomerine ligament not exposed (Ref. 114771).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Říčan, O., L. Piálek, K. Dragová and J. Novák, 2016. Diversity and evolution of the Middle American cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Cichlidae) with revised classification. Verteb. Zool. 66(1):1-102. (Ref. 114771)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00706 - 0.03245), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).