Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Brachyrhaphis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, raphis = needle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: ? - 8.0; dH range: ? - 8.5; non-migratory. Tropical; 23°C - 32°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36880)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Sides with up to 12 dark bars, more prominent on males and diffused or absent in females. Caudal fin margin yellow or orange, submarginal darkened band in males. Distal half of dorsal fin yellowish or orange; the margin of the fin is black. Anal fin yellow with a black blotch. The gonopodium is shorter (mean 30.4% of SL) than B. olomina (mean 32.9 of SL) (Ref. 36880).
An insectivorous fish which lives in waters of low to moderate current velocity, rarely in strong current, from 3-540 m elevation; in temperatures 23-32°C. Inhabits midwater or near the surface in brooks and creeks; sometimes in shallow waters of large rivers (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Every 28 days, female gives birth to 10-30 young.
Can be very aggressive, even to their own Young. This updates previous information from Ref. 26130.
Lucinda, P.H.F., 2003. Poeciliidae (Livebearers). p. 555-581. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brazil. (Ref. 50894)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00299 - 0.01602), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .