Astronotus mikoljii, Mikolji’s Oscar

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Astronotus mikoljii Lozano, Lasso-Alcalá, Bittencourt, Taphorn, Perez & Farias, 2022

Mikolji’s Oscar
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Image of Astronotus mikoljii (Mikolji’s Oscar)
Astronotus mikoljii
Picture by Mikolji, I.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Astronotinae
Etymology: Astronotus: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335);  mikoljii: Named for Mr. Ivan Mikolji, Associate Researcher of the Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, from the Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, in Caracas, Venezuela..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Venezuela and Colombia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 126783)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-21; Anal soft rays: 16 - 20. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: 2-3 supraneural bones (vs. two); no spinous process (hypurapophysis) on the anterosuperior border of the parahypural bone (hypural complex) (vs. present); sagitta otolith oval with strongly crenulated ventral and dorsal margins (vs. elliptical and smooth-lobed margins in A. crassipinnis while elliptical and smooth-dentate in A. ocellatus), rostrum projected with an elongated process (vs. rostrum process short), posterior region of the otolith rounded (vs. straight or flat), the aspect ratio of sagitta otoliths (AR = 0.665) is higher and the differences are statistically significant at P < 0.05 (vs. AR = 0.606 in A. ocellatus and AR = 0.585 in A. crassipinnis), the roundness index is highest with Rd = 0.597 (vs. Rd = 0.545 in A. ocellatus and Rd = 0.543 in A. crassipinnis) (P < 0.05); morphometric index showed higher values in A. mikoljii (0.837) to A. ocellatus (0.767) and A. crassipinnis (0.735): mean head length of A. mikoljii (36.72% SL) is longer (vs. 35.01% SL in A. crassipinnis and 33.26% SL in A. ocellatus), mean diameter of the orbit 9.06% SL is greater (vs. 7.36%SL in A. ocellatus and 7.73% SL in A. crassipinnis), mean pre-orbital depth 14.22% SL is greater (vs. 0.14% SL in A. crassipinnis) but less than 15.91% SL in A. ocellatus, mean snout length 11.53% SL is longer (vs. 5.36% SL in A. crassipinnis and 10.67% SL in A. ocellatus) (Ref. 126783).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Perez Lozano, A., O.M. Lasso-Alcalá, P.S. Bittencourt, D.C. Taphorn, N. Perez and I.P. Farias, 2022. A new species of Astronotus (Teleostei, Cichlidae) from the Orinoco River and Gulf of Paria basins, northern South America. Zookeys 1113:111-152. (Ref. 126783)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Electrophoreses
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search |
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World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100).