Aphanius arakensis  Teimori, Esmaeili, Gholami, Zarei & Reichenbacher, 2012

Arak tooth-carp
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Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: arakensis: Named for the city of Arak (capital of the Markazi province in northcentral Iran), which is located in close proximity to the type locality.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

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Asia: Iran.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111770)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-14; Anal soft rays: 10 - 12. This species is distinguished from its congeners in Iran by the following set of characters: anal fin rays 10-12; lateral line scales 28-32; caudal peduncle scales 10-13; gill rakers 8-10; clearly defined flank bars in males 12-19 (usually 11-13); a more prominent pigmentation along the flank added by relatively big blotches in the middle and posterior flank segments in females; a short but high antirostrum of the otolith that has a wide excisura, and a ventral rim with some small, drop-like processes and 19 molecular apomorphies (17 transitions, 2 transversions) in the cytochrome b gene (Ref. 91277).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species was collected from a small natural shallow pond which is about 6 x 4 m in size, fed by the drainage of a nearby natural spring. During sampling, the water body was almost stagnant, water temperature at 23°C, no vegetation in the pond, but the surrounding area was covered with Juncus sp. and Typha sp. The bottom of the pond was generally muddy with small gravels, the habitat was in a bad condition due to anthropogenic pollution. This species was the only fish observed living in the pond, but it was also found in several springs located in close proximity to the type locality (Ref. 91277).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Teimori, A., H.R. Esmaeili, Z. Gholami, N. Zarei and B. Reichenbacher, 2012. Aphanius arakensis, a new species of tooth-carp (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) from the endorheic Namak Lake basin in Iran. ZooKeys 215:55-76. (Ref. 91277)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00529 - 0.01978), b=3.23 (3.07 - 3.39), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .