Amaralia oviraptor Friel & Carvalho, 2016

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Amaralia oviraptor
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Aspredinidae (Banjo catfishes) > Bunocephalinae
Etymology: Amaralia: Because of Dr. Afranio de Amaral, name that was used by H.W. Fowler; personal communication of John Friell/Cornell University;  oviraptor: Derived from the Latin ovum (ovi), meaning egg; and raptor, meaning a robber or plunderer, commonly used term for a predator, in reference to the peculiar dietary preferences observed in this species. A noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Paraná-Paraguay River system; throughout the Paraguay River Basin in Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina; and Paraná drainage in Argentina and Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111083)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 3; Anal soft rays: 5 - 6; Vertebrae: 29 - 31. Amaralia oviraptor differs from its only congener, A. hypsiura, by having more dorsal-fin rays (3 vs. 2); by having a lateral contact between middle and posterior nuchal plates (vs. middle and posterior nuchal plates not contacting each other laterally); by having feeble serrations along the distal portion of the anterior margin of pectoral-fin spine (vs. absence of serrations along the anterior margin); and by its longer cleithral process (17.4-19.5 % of SL, mean 18.2 % vs. 14.0-17.2 % of SL, mean=15.5 %) (Ref. 111083).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on both the eggs and developing embryos of other catfishes (Ref. 111083).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Friel, John P. | Collaborators

Friel, J.P. and T.P. Carvalho, 2016. A new species of Amaralia Fowler (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae) from the Paraná-Paraguay river basin. Zootaxa 4088(4):531-546. (Ref. 111083)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00181 - 0.01207), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .