Grallenia dimorpha Allen & Erdmann, 2017

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Grallenia dimorpha
Male picture by Allen, G.R. & M.V. Erdmann

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Grallenia: Named for Gerald R. Allen, (G+R+Allen+suffix '-ia'), in honor of his great contribution to our knowledge of the diversity of coral-reef fishes.;  dimorpha: Name from Latin 'dimorpha' meaning 'two shapes'; referring to the sexual dimorphism in relation to dorsal-fin shape; treated as a feminine singular adjective.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 18 m (Ref. 116128).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116128); 1.6 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-11; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 9 - 11; Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI + I,8-11 (usually 10); A I,9-11 (usually10); fully erect first dorsal fin of male differs from female, male fin rectangular with fifth spine longest and female fin triangular with first spine forming elongate filament; no pelvic frenum nor head pores; longitudinal scales 25-30, often continuous from posterior pectoral-fin base to caudal-fin base, but anterior half of body mainly scaleless; body depth at pelvic-fin origin 13.4-15.6% SL; colour of male in life translucent with a mid-lateral row of five widely separated and progressively shorter posteriorly, horizontal, orange-brown lines, each surrounded by yellowish hue and with a faint, narrow, vertical, brown line extending ventrally, forming overall T-shaped marking; dorsal fins with a pair of prominent stripes, the outermost relatively broad and yellow-orange, inner stripe situated just above fin base, narrower and orange-red with black margin; anal fin yellowish with distinctive black margin; caudal fin is yellowish with irregular translucent areas mainly on upper part of basal half; female similar, but fins translucent without both the distinctive stripes on dorsal fins and black margin on anal fin; series of five ovate, progressively smaller, brown blotches along lower side interspersed with brilliant white markings, beginning at pectoral-fin base, continuing to posterior caudal peduncle (Ref. 116128).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives on sandy substrate (Ref. 116128).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2017. Descriptions of five new species of marine gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the genus Grallenia) from the tropical western Pacific Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 27:20-47. (Ref. 116128)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00300 - 0.01455), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .