Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Bodianus: Bodianus after Bodiano or Pudiano, from the Portuguese pudor, meaning modesty (Jordan & Evermann, 1896).; bilunulatus: Name formed from the Latin adverb bis, for twice and Latin diminutive noun lunula (luna + ulus) for 'somewhat like the moon'; apparently referring to the lunate caudal fin (double emarginate with filamentous lobes) of the type specimen (Ref. 75973).
More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 160 m (Ref. 9823). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S, 30°E - 134°W
Indo-West Pacific: east coast of Africa to Japan, the Philippines and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4392); max. published weight: 1.8 kg (Ref. 4887)
Adults occur on deep reef slopes rich with invertebrates such as sponges and seawhips, but young adults are occasionally seen much shallower (Ref. 48636). Usually solitary in coral and rocky reefs. Feed mainly on benthic, hard-shelled, invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans. Protogynous (Ref. 55080). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Size at sex change: 38.6-40.5 cm L (Ref. 55080).
Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.6 - 28.8, mean 27.4 °C (based on 932 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.49 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 33.5 [19.8, 51.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.511 [0.303, 0.904] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [15.6, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.143 [0.098, 0.211] g/100g ; Selenium = 44 [27, 72] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 82.7 [26.3, 281.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.19 [0.88, 1.84] mg/100g (wet weight);