Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Serranochromis: Latin, serra = saw + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 23°S - 27°S
Africa: Sabie-Sand tributaries, Incomati River system, Transvaal; coastal pans between Incomati and Limpopo Rivers, Mozambique; Mgobezeleni Lake, Natal. Introduced to impoundments in the Kruger National Park (Ref. 7248). Threatened by depleted water supplies, sedimentation, pollution and invasive plants (Ref. 7248).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5693); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 7248)
Prefers standing or slow-flowing pools with marginal vegetation (Ref. 7248, 52307), thrives in impounded waters (Ref. 7248). Preys on small fish, insects and other invertebrates, including snails (Ref. 7248, 52307). Male clears small nest and attracts female with quivering display (Ref. 7248). Eggs laid in several bouts (Ref. 7248) and fertilized before female collects them (Ref. 7248, 52307). Agamous maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307). Batch spawner.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male clears small nest and attracts female with quivering display. Eggs are laid in several bouts and fertilized before being collected by the female (Ref. 7248). Female incubates the eggs in the mouth (Ref. 12251).
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
Endangered (EN) (A2ace; B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 08 December 2016
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.56 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .