Serranochromis meridianus Jubb, 1967
Lowveld largemouth
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Family:  Cichlidae (Cichlids), subfamily: Pseudocrenilabrinae
Max. size:  37 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,200.0 g
Environment:  demersal,
Distribution:  Africa: Sabie-Sand tributaries, Incomati River system, Transvaal; coastal pans between Incomati and Limpopo Rivers, Mozambique; Mgobezeleni Lake, Natal. Introduced to impoundments in the Kruger National Park (Ref. 7248). Threatened by depleted water supplies, sedimentation, pollution and invasive plants (Ref. 7248).
Diagnosis:  Description: relatively deep- bodied; head large and massive; eyes relatively small; frontal profile concave; caudal fin slightly rounded to subtruncate (Ref. 52307). Coloration: body of both sexes pale brown to ochre, with belly region pale to whitish, as are cheeks and opercles; body scales with reddish base, more intense in males; males with numerous reddish dots or maculae in dorsal and caudal fins, along with several large, yellowish egg spots in anal fin (Ref. 52307).
Biology:  Prefers standing or slow-flowing pools with marginal vegetation (Ref. 7248, 52307), thrives in impounded waters (Ref. 7248). Preys on small fish, insects and other invertebrates, including snails (Ref. 7248, 52307). Male clears small nest and attracts female with quivering display (Ref. 7248). Eggs laid in several bouts (Ref. 7248) and fertilized before female collects them (Ref. 7248, 52307). Agamous maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307). Batch spawner.
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 08 December 2016 (A2ace; B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v)) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Cruz, Tess - 06.08.92
Modified by: Musschoot, Tobias - 22.02.18
Checked by: Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. - 12.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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