Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Lestidiidae
Etymology: Lestidiops: Related to Greek, lestes = thief + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 4473). Deep-water; 40°N - 23°S
Atlantic Ocean. In the western Atlantic, from New Jersey to northern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4473)
Oceanic species (Ref. 26340) occurring from the surface (young) to about 2,000 m depth (Ref. 4473).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Post, A., 1990. Paralepididae. p. 373-384. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4473)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 5.8 - 16.7, mean 10 °C (based on 286 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00039 - 0.00268), b=3.05 (2.82 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 74 [26, 196] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.763 [0.315, 1.574] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.3 [12.2, 17.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.326 [0.100, 0.843] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.9 [4.2, 30.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.5 [5.1, 117.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.64 [0.38, 1.04] mg/100g (wet weight);