Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Cheilodipterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical; 30°N - 20°S
Western Indian Ocean: known only in the Red Sea, rare at the south of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8525)
Color in life brownish gray with 9-13 dark brown stripes of alternating width and intensity. Dark brown spot on middle of caudal peduncle larger than pupil size and encircled with yellow. In large fish dark caudal spot may expand to form a bar around peduncle. Distinct snow white area between caudal spot (or bar) and posterior ends of body stripes. Distal part of first dorsal fin blackish. Upper- and lowermost caudal rays dusky, but not as dark as body stripes. Other fins pale with reddish hue. Snout with yellow tinge (yellow pigment may be absent altogether in large adults) (Ref 8525).
Sexual maturity reached at 6.5-7 cm.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1993. Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.5 - 29.1, mean 27.6 °C (based on 619 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00648 - 0.02132), b=3.22 (3.06 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 127 [75, 284] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.853 [0.511, 1.363] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.184 [0.120, 0.293] g/100g ; Selenium = 30 [15, 55] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 103 [38, 272] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.56 [1.09, 2.21] mg/100g (wet weight);