Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Paralepididae
Etymology: Lestidiops: Related to Greek, lestes = thief + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 3290 m (Ref. 50610). Deep-water; 55°N - 48°N
Eastern Pacific: British Columbia in Canada to central Baja California in Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Occur from near surface to bathypelagic depths. Feed mainly on small fishes but also takes small crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 6885). Predators include albacore, salmon, swordfish and lancetfish (Ref. 4525). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 35950).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.6 - 4.7, mean 3.3 (based on 21 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00123 - 0.00854), b=3.08 (2.85 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .