Cephalopholis fulva (Linnaeus, 1758)

Coney
把你的觀察加入 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis fulva   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos |     Sounds | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google 影像
Image of Cephalopholis fulva (Coney)
Cephalopholis fulva
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 非遷移的; 深度上下限 1 - 150 m (Ref. 26938), usually 1 - 40 m (Ref. 89707).   亞熱帶的; 36°N - 28°S, 98°W - 33°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA and Bermuda to southern Brazil.
西大西洋: 美國南卡羅萊那州與百慕達群島到巴西南部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 14.7  range ? - 24.5 cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 116036); 最大年齡: 11 年 (Ref. 36271)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 14-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 9. Body and fins red; many small blue spots edged with black line scattered on body; dorsal edge of caudal peduncle with 2 prominent black spots; a pair of black blotches on tip of lower jaw (Ref. 13608); depth of body 2.6-2.9 in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 in SL; flat interorbital area; rounded preopercle, with shallow notch above the angle with upper edge finely serrate and moderately enlarged, lower edge fleshy; subopercle and interopercle smooth; posterior and anterior nostrils small and subequal; scaly maxilla, reaching to or beyond vertical at rear edge of eye; caudal fin convex posteriorly, corners angular; ctenoid lateral-body scales (Ref. 089707).
身體與鰭紅色; 有黑色的線邊緣的許多小的藍色斑點散佈在身體上; 背緣尾梗有 2個突出的黑色斑點; 在下頜的頂端上的一對黑色的斑塊.(參考文獻 13608)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults prefer coral reefs and clear water. In the Gulf of Mexico, they are found in clear deep reefs (at least 45 m). At Bermuda and the West Indies, they are common in shallow water, but they usually hide in caves or under ledges during the day. The species is protogynous with females maturing at 16 cm TL and transforming to males at about 20 cm. Males are territorial. Feed mainly on small fishes and crustaceans. May follow morays and snake eels to feed on flushed preys. Wary, but approachable (Ref. 9710).

偏愛珊瑚礁與清澈的水域。 在墨西哥灣,它出現於清澈的深礁中。 (至少 45 公尺) 在百慕達群島與西印度群島,此魚種是常見於淺水區,但是它通常躲在洞穴或岩架下中在白天期間。 此魚種對被在 16 公分TL 時成熟而且轉換雄性於大約 20 公分的雌性感到雌性先熟。 雄姓具有領域性。 主要吃小魚與甲殼動物。 可能跟隨海鰻,而且蛇鰻覓食被驚嚇的獵物。 小心的, 但是可接近的.(參考文獻 9710)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Mature females transform to males at a length of about 20 cm. Spawning occurs just before sunset over several days, and a male will spawn daily with each of the several females in his harem. Fecundity estimates range from about 150,000 to 282,000 eggs per female; with eggs 0.95 mm in diameter and having a single oil globule. 西大西洋: 美國南卡羅萊那州與百慕達群島到巴西南部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 March 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 30303)





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 28, mean 27 (based on 474 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00932 - 0.01414), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=11; K=0.14-0.63; Fec=67,000-280,000).
Prior r = 0.62, 95% CL = 0.41 - 0.93, Based on 2 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.