Epinephelus albomarginatus, White-edged grouper : fisheries

Epinephelus albomarginatus Boulenger, 1903

White-edged grouper
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Epinephelus albomarginatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus albomarginatus (White-edged grouper)
Epinephelus albomarginatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 10 - 100 m (Ref. 5222), usually 30 - 80 m (Ref. 89707).   亞熱帶的; 23°S - 35°S, 29°E - 38°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Quissico, Mozambique to East London, South Africa.
西印度洋: Quissico, 到南非的東倫敦的莫三比克。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5222); 最大体重: 13.0 kg (Ref. 4787)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 14; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: head, body, dorsal and caudal fins pale brown, with numerous dark brown spots; ventral parts of head and body lacking spots; juveniles, many of the spots merge to form double spots; prominent dark brown streak along the upper edge of maxillary groove; margin of interspinous dorsal fin membranes yellow or gold; soft dorsal and anal fin dusky distally, with prominent white edge; upper and lower edges of posterior part of caudal fin white edged; pectoral fins yellowish or reddish orange; body depth less than head length, 2.6-3.0 times in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 times in SL; angular preopercle, 2-3 enlarged serrae at the angle; upper edge of operculum straight or convex; naked maxilla, without a step on ventral edge; caudal fin truncate, corners rounded in adults, posterior edge convex in juveniles; lateral body scales ctenoid, with few auxiliary scales in adults (Ref. 089707).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found over rocks and corals at depths of at least 100 m. Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates, also on fishes and squids (Ref. 4787, 5213).

发现在岩石与珊瑚深度至少 100 公尺上了。 主要吃底栖的无脊椎动物,也吃鱼与乌贼。 (参考文献 4787,5213)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西印度洋: Quissico, 到南非的東倫敦的莫三比克。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A4bd); Date assessed: 20 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.9 - 25.4, mean 24.5 (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00660 - 0.02400), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.