Synanceia verrucosa, Stonefish : fisheries, aquarium

Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Stonefish
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Synanceia verrucosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Synanceia verrucosa (Stonefish)
Synanceia verrucosa
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Synanceiidae (Stonefishes) > Synanceiinae
Etymology: Synanceia: Greek, syn = as a whole + Greek, aggeion = vein.  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 0 - 30 m (Ref. 37816).   熱帶; 30°N - 30°S, 30°E - 139°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Queensland, Australia.
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到法屬玻里尼西亞, 北至琉球與小笠原群島, 南至澳洲的昆士蘭省。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3503); common length : 27.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大体重: 2.4 kg (Ref. 11441)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 12 - 14; 背的软条 (总数): 5-7; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 5 - 6. Colors matching surroundings and extremely well-camouflaged (Ref. 48635). Pelvic and anal fins spines are similarly developed. 12-14 stout grooved spines, each with a large venom sack at its base (Ref. 37816).
颜色与环境相配与非常善于伪装.(参考文献 48635) 腹鳍与臀鳍棘同样地被发展。 12-14根矮胖的有凹槽的棘 , 每个具有大的毒液装在它的基底。 (参考文献 37816)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Most widespread stonefish (Ref. 4313). Found on sandy or rubble areas of reef flats and shallow lagoons and in small pools during low tide well camouflaged among the substrate and sometimes even covered with algae (Ref. 5213, 5503). Solitary species (Ref. 37816). Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. The dorsal fin has 2 grooves serving as seringes of venom; their stings are excruciatingly painful and can occasionally be fatal. A serum exists which is effective if applied immediately after the infliction. World's most venomous fish (Ref. 37816). Uncommon in markets. In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253). Also Ref. 57406.

最广泛分布石头鱼。 (参考文献 4313) 栖息于礁石平台的沙或碎石区域与舄湖浅滩了与在小的水池中在低潮的时候善于在底部伪装而且有时甚至覆盖着藻类.(参考文献 5213,5503) 独居性的种.(参考文献 37816) 捕食鱼类与甲壳动物。 背鳍 2个凹槽已经当作毒液的 seringes 使用; 他们的刺极度令人痛苦而且有时会是致命。 一个血清存在是有效的如果应用的在施加之后紧邻。 世界的毒性最强鱼.(参考文献 37816) 罕见在市场中。 在香港活鱼贩卖。 (参考文献 27253) 也參考文獻 57406.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到法屬玻里尼西亞, 北至琉球與小笠原群島, 南至澳洲的昆士蘭省。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Poss, S.G. and K.V. Rama Rao, 1984. Scorpaenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3503)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.3 (based on 3300 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.