Gymnothorax undulatus (Lacepède, 1803)

Undulated moray
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Gymnothorax undulatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnothorax undulatus (Undulated moray)
Gymnothorax undulatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall 1 - 110 m (Ref. 58302).   Tropical; 32°N - 28°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa, including Walters Shoal (Ref. 33390) and Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964) to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef. Eastern Central Pacific: Costa Rica and Panama (Ref. 9324).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 77 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 1602)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 0; Ryggkotor: 126 - 138. Distinctive pattern of light undulating lines and speckles on a dark green background. Snout often yellow (Ref. 30404).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

A common species on reef flats among rocks, rubble, or debris and also occurs in lagoons and seaward reefs to depths of 26 m or more. Minimum depth of 1m (Ref. 81209). Cavernicolous (Ref. 8593, 58302). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Nocturnal species that feeds on fishes, octopi, and probably crustaceans. Reported to be an aggressive species and prone to bite. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1810 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00074 - 0.00225), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (81 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.