Pholis gunnellus, Rock gunnel : aquarium

Pholis gunnellus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Rock gunnel
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Pholis gunnellus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pholis gunnellus (Rock gunnel)
Pholis gunnellus
Picture by Noren, M.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Zoarcoidei (Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Pholidae (Gunnels) > Pholinae
Etymology: Pholis: Greek, pholis, -idos = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; खारा ड़िमरसल; गैर प्रवासी; गहराई सीमा 0 - 100 m (Ref. 48978), usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 35388).   Polar; 72°N - 43°N, 76°W - 45°E

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

North Atlantic: Kanin Peninsula southward to La Rochelle (including White Sea, North Sea and Baltic), also Iceland, but not eastern Greenland, Spitzbergen or Novaya Zemlya. Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Delaware Bay, USA (Ref. 7251).

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 4693); अधिकतम सूचित उम्र: 5 वर्षो (Ref. 72462)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

Ribbon - shaped body with 9 - 13 eye spots along the base of the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow waters (seashore, tide pools), but descends (especially in winter) to 100 m or more. May remain out of water under rocks or seaweeds (Ref. 31184). Feeds on small crustaceans, polychaetes, mollusks and fish eggs. The eggs are laid on the sea bed in a large clump, which is closely guarded until hatched (Ref. 9900). Breathes air when out of water (Ref. 31184). Spawning occur in November - January . Female lays 80-200 eggs in a large ball under a stone or in an empty bivalve shell (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Male and female coil around the egg ball (Ref. 58332).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Makushok, V.M., 1986. Pholididae. p. 1124-1125. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4693)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: कोई रुचि बग़ैर; जलजीवालय: व्यापारिक
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अधिक जानकारी

संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Nutrients
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.3 - 11.9, mean 9.5 °C (based on 692 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00121 - 0.00455), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.46 se; based on food items.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (tm=1-3; K=0.18-0.29; tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 53.9 [23.0, 117.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.47 [0.23, 0.93] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.4 [15.2, 17.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.515 [0.217, 1.187] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.7 [6.7, 47.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.2 [3.8, 76.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.744 [0.467, 1.217] mg/100g (wet weight);