Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Wreckfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Polyprion americanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Polyprion americanus (Wreckfish)
Polyprion americanus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Polyprionidae (Wreckfishes)
Etymology: Polyprion: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, prion = saw (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 40 - 600 m (Ref. 7251), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 36731).   Deep-water; 70°N - 55°S, 82°W - 179°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa (Ref. 6633), including the Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde, and Tristan da Cunha. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada and Gulf of Maine to North Carolina, USA (Ref. 7251). Recorded from Uruguay to Argentina (Ref. 9050). Western Indian Ocean: St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Ref. 6633). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755, 9072).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 77.9  range ? - 90 cm
Max length : 210 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); common length : 80.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3397); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 100.0 kg (Ref. 35388)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10 - 12; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11-13; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 10. Bluish grey above, paler below with a silvery sheen; fins blackish brown (Ref. 6633). Juveniles have black blotches on head and body (Ref. 6633). Body tall, compressed. Big mouth with big head and a rough bony ridge across upper part of the gill cover (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults prefer to inhabit caves and shipwrecks (Ref. 27121). Juveniles congregate below floating objects (Ref. 27121). Usually solitary. Feed on large crustaceans, cephalopods and benthic fishes (Ref. 27121). Spawn in the summer (Ref. 35388). Are primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 6633.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Primary gonochorists (Ref. 58421).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Sedberry, George | Medewerkers

Wheeler, A., 1992. A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37. (Ref. 5204)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Ernstig bedreigd (CR) (A2abd); Date assessed: 30 April 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.2 - 19, mean 9.4 (based on 672 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.8125   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00981 - 0.01772), b=3.00 (2.92 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.05-0.08; tmax=76; tm=9-10 yrs estimated from VBGF; Fec=3 million).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.