Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Blenniinae
Etymology: Plagiotremus: Greek, plagios = oblique + Greek, trema = hole (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Bollman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 23 m (Ref. 5227), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5227).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Adults live in empty tube-worm snail shells, often extending the head from the opening. They feed by joining loose groups of look-alike rainbow wrasse and darting out to nip at nearby fish, taking mucus and perhaps small bits of flesh (Ref. 5227). The skin of larger fishes is the mainstay of the diet, although they are also known to eat eggs (Ref. 28023). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are attached to the walls of the parent's shelter and are brooded by the male parent (Ref. 56053). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Males guard the eggs until they hatch (Ref. 56053).
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.5 - 29.1, mean 27.1 °C (based on 214 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00258 - 0.01228), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.78 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 130 [69, 264] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.814 [0.467, 1.440] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.147 [0.082, 0.266] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.9 [12.7, 57.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 287 [106, 742] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [0.96, 2.19] mg/100g (wet weight);