Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Xiphophorus: Greek, xiphos = sword + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; ? - 26°C (Ref. 42936)
Central America: Guatemala and Honduras.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50894)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 28 - 29. Distal part of gonopodium blade ray 3 bluntly pointed; three quarters of the caudal fin with fine red stripes; claw of tip of gonopodium ray 5 greatly enlarged; height/length ratios of tip of blade 5.6-6.3; dark pigmentation of the midlateral band continuous with the dark dorsal pigmentation of the sword in male. Caudal fin in males ray 5-8 forming a long sword; pelvic fin in females reaching to anal-fin base, in males to middle of gonopodium, second ray extremely prolonged and split, middle region thickened (Ref. 42936).
Collected in an area where the water is gray and substratum consists predominantly of large black boulders, gravel and mud; aquatic vegetation mainly with reeds and Vallisneria (Ref. 42936).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Meyer, M.K. and M. Schartl, 2002. Xiphophorus mayae, a new species of swordtail from Guatemala (Teleostei: Poeciliidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(1):59-66. (Ref. 42936)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00436 - 0.02192), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .