Teleostei (teleosts) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae
Etymology: Xanthichthys: Greek, xanthos = yellow + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Randall, Matsuura & Zama.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 200 m (Ref. 9770), usually 50 - 200 m (Ref. 9770). Tropical; 33°N - 24°S
Indo-West Pacific: Angela Islands eastward through Indonesia to the Galapagos Islands, north to southern Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9770)
Occurs in deep seaward reefs. One collection outside Micronesia was made at 15 m (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on zooplanktons (Ref. 89972). Exhibits sexual dimorphism (Ref. 37816). Taken occasionally by bottom fishing (Ref. 1602). Marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Matsuura, K., 2001. Balistidae. Triggerfishes. p. 3911-3928. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9770)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.2 - 26.9, mean 22.1 °C (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02570 (0.01232 - 0.05364), b=2.93 (2.76 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 40.3 [17.7, 86.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.657 [0.340, 1.532] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.063, 0.262] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.4 [21.8, 101.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 79.6 [21.5, 293.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.919 [0.604, 1.385] mg/100g (wet weight);