Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Urotrygonidae
(American round stingrays)
Etymology: Urotrygon: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, trygon = a sting ray (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 9 - 55 m (Ref. 58018). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Venezuela and the mouth of the Amazon.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.8 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 13608)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Long and pointed snout. Disc angular in front and naked. Tail longer, pectorals are angular and caudal fin narrower. Upper surface gray and lower surface whitish (Ref. 6902).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.), 1983. Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.7 - 28.1, mean 27.5 (based on 62 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00393 - 0.02432), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .