Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Phycidae
Etymology: Urophycis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, phyke, pykis, -idos = the female of a fish that lives among algae (Greek = phykon), related with the gudgeon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kaup.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 24 - 190 m. Subtropical; 21°S - 46°S, 68°W - 41°W
Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil, Uruguay, and northern Argentina. A new record is found in San Jorge Gulf, collected at 45°17' S, 66°54' W (Ref. 86990), extending the distribution range to southern Argentina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94910); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6077)
soft rays: 43 - 46. Body elongated; head small; eyes small. First dorsal-fin ray elongated; pelvic fins extending beyond the origin of the anal fin. Mottled pattern on back and upper sides.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.6 - 25.5, mean 24.8 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5044 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00411 - 0.00611), b=3.11 (3.05 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.68 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-3).
Prior r = 0.51, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .