Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Triplophysa: Greek, triplos = thrice + Greek, physa = tube (Ref. 45335); waisihani: The specific epithet is a reference to Wai Si Han, the Chinese spelling of the Wais Khan, (a
tenth-generation male offspring of the Mongolian emperor Genghis Khan), whose mausoleum is located in the Dunmaza Town (in Yining County of the Xinjiang-Uighur a.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 44°N - 43°N, 81°E - 82°E
Asia: China. Known from the Kax River, a tributary to the Ili River drainage, at Dunmaza Town in Yining County (81°53'E, 43°82'N; 1143m above sea level) of Xinjiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, Northwestern China. It was also documented by Zhu (1989, 1995) from the Ili River and Emin River drainages of Xinjiang, without precise locality and by Wu & Wu (1992) from the Manas River drainage (Ref. 79615).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 79615)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Triplophysa waisihani belongs to the T. labiata species-group that is characterized by having widely separated anterior and posterior nostrils and no breeding tubercles on the sides of the head. It resembles T. labiata and T. herzensteini, with which it shares the presence of a columnar caudal peduncle with an
approximately circular cross-section at its beginning, but differs from both in possessing supraorbital and infraorbital canals that are not confluent (vs. confluent); and the posterior chamber of the gas bladder connected to the anterior chamber by a long duct, twice as long as the posterior chamber (vs. connected to the
anterior chamber by a shorter duct than the posterior chamber in T. labiata, or strongly reduced in T. herzensteini). It further differs from T. labiata in the possession of an anteriorly bifurcated (vs. non-bifurcated) pelvic girdle and in the absence (vs. presence) of the fourth basibranchial, and from T. herzensteini in having a truncate or slightly convex (vs. concave) distal margin of the anal fin (Ref. 79615).
Coloration of live specimens: ground colour of back, and lateral body gray, somewhat lighter ventrally; ventral region of body yellowish white. Six or seven brown transverse bars on predorsal region, five or six bars on postdorsal region of body. Many spots on flank above lateral line and area directly below. A longitudinal
light-yellow stripe running along lateral line, becoming increasingly narrower and ending at vertical through vent. Dorsal and caudal fins dusky. Dorsal surfaces of pectoral and pelvic fins gray. Anal fin hyaline (Ref. 79615).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cao, L. and E. Zhang, 2008. Triplophysa waisihani, a new species of nemacheiline loach from Northwest China (Pisces: Balitoridae). Zootaxa 1932:33-46. (Ref. 79615)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00326 - 0.01470), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .