Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Triodontidae
Etymology: Triodon: Greek, tres, tria = three + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 50 - 300 m (Ref. 4419), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to the Philippines, north to Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4419)
soft rays: 9 - 10. Body yellowish-brown; belly flap white except for a yellow area around a black blotch (Ref. 4419). The 2.0 cm recruit differs from the adult in the structure of its viscera, most strikingly by the presence of the very large distended stomach, lacking in the adult (Ref. 54815).
Rare species (Ref. 4419).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Triodontidae. p. 894. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4419)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.8 - 26.8, mean 21.1 °C (based on 524 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.27 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 41.2 [16.0, 86.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.58 [0.37, 1.16] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.4, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.11 [0.06, 0.20] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.9 [20.7, 82.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.3 [9.2, 97.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.02 [0.66, 1.56] mg/100g (wet weight);