Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Trachinocephalus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335); gauguini: Named for the French painter Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), who died in the Marquesas Islands on 8 May 1903.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 26 - 75 m (Ref. 110386). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Marquesas Islands, where it is probably endemic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 110386)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: length of snout (SLn) 6,7-10.0% head length (HL), mean 7.8 (vs mean 12.3% in T. trachinus; 12.1% in T. myops); body depth SLn 12.6-18.9%, mean 14.7% (vs. mean 21.2% in trachinus; 21.6% in myops); eye diameter SLn 31.6-51.7%, mean 40.1% (vs. 74.8% in trachinus; 79.1% in myops); interorbital width 4·0-6·7%, mean 5·6% HL (vs. mean 8·7% in trachinus; 8·9% in myops); anal-fin rays 14-16, mode 14 (vs. mode 16 in trachinus; 15 in myops); pectoral-fin rays 11-12, mode 11 (vs. mode 12 in the two species); lateral-line scales 56-59, mode 56 (vs. mode 57 in myops); further differs from trachinus and myops by deep mitochondrial distances (15.7-19.0 and 16.9-17.6%, respectively) (Ref. 110386).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Polanco, F.A., P.A. Acero and Betancur-R. R., 2016. No longer a circumtropical species: revision of the lizardfishes in the Trachinocephalus myops species complex, with description of a new species from the Marquesas Islands. J. Fish Biol. 89(2):1302-1323. (Ref. 110386)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00202 - 0.00902), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .