分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) 鱸形目 (Mackerels)
(Snaketooth fishes) 叉齒鱚科 (Snaketooth fishes)
Etymology: Kali: Named after Kali, a Hindu goddess..
More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海洋 深海區的; 深度上下限 200 - 4465 m (Ref. 75596), usually 800 - 2500 m (Ref. 75596).
Circumglobal: equatorial, tropical, and subtropical regions, in the Atlantic from 38° N
to 21° S; a single record in the western Indian at 8° S, 31° S; in the Pacific 27° N to 33° S.
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 75596)
This species can be distinguished from its congeners except K. macrodon by the ascending process of premaxilla with a strong concavity limited anteriorly by bony crest (vs. ascending process of premaxilla flat or with gentle concavity, anterior bony crest absent). It further differs from K. colubrina, K. falx, K. indica, and K. parri by the teeth in lateral series of premaxilla and dentary 12-25, type 4, needle-like (vs. teeth in lateral series of premaxilla with ventral attachment, recurved in parri; 5-11, caniniform, type 4, slightly curved in indica and falx and recurved in colubrina>); from K. macrura, teeth in lateral series of premaxilla and dentary type 4, needle-like, extending to the end of dentigerous area, teeth with ventral attachment absent in lateral series (vs. teeth in lateral series of premaxilla and dentary need-like in anterior third and fourth, respectively, followed by teeth with ventral attachment, recurved in posterior areas). It is distinguished from K, macrodon by the teeth in mesial series of premaxilla and dentary, 4-5, modally 5 (vs. teeth in mesial series of premaxilla teeth 6-9, modally 7, of and dentary 7-9, modally 8) (Ref. 75596).
Most adults have been taken in hauls in depths exceeding 1,000 m but a number of adults have been taken in hauls in depths between 500 to 1,000 m (Ref. 6944).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Melo, M.R.S., 2008. The genus Kali Lloyd (Chiasmodontidae: Teleostei) with description of new two species, and the revalidation of K. kerberti Weber. Zootaxa 1747:1-33. (Ref. 75596)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 1.9 - 5.7, mean 3 °C (based on 4257 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.67).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100).