分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) 鱸形目 (Gobies)
(Gobies) 鰕虎魚科 (Gobies)
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 底中水層性; 非產卵性溯降河的. 熱帶
Asia: Hainan Island and the mainland of South China (probably endemic to China). Also from Japan (Ref. 93128).
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 82695)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
背棘 (總數): 7; 背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 10. This species is a large-sized Stiphodon with the pectoral fin spotted and sexual dimorphism obvious. Mature male has the upper one-third of the body khaki and lower part silvery grey/ grayish brown (some individuals would be darker in colour) with 9-10 lateral bars, first dorsal fin elongated, triangular and sometimes filamentous, predorsal midline without scales or with very few scales (certain individuals would have some scales); while the female has creamy with two obvious transverse stripes on the body, sometimes with several dull lateral bars, dorsum with several gold bars, ventrum light blue.
Adults inhabit clear streams and mainly feed on epiphyte and biofilm on rocks in the wild. Due to its possible amphidromous nature, as known to occur with its congeners (adults live and breed in freshwater streams; larvae hatched drift downstream and develop in marine environments; juveniles return to freshwater streams), blockage of the migration pathway (e.g. construction of dam or culvert in streams) would cause a significant impact on this species. Ensuring no net loss of habitat, keeping the natural stream flow and maintaining the stream-ocean corridor are all essential for preserving this species (based on researches on its congeners; see Ref. 82683, 82684, 82685, 82689, 82690, 82692). Collection conducted by aquarium hobbyists (both private and commercial) also poses a serious threat to Stiphodon species in some regions (Ref. 82684) and this kind of activity should be strictly controlled (Ref. 82694).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Zhu, S.-Q., 1995. Synopsis of freshwater fishes of China. Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House i-v + 1-549. (Ref. 45679)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).