分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水层性. 溫帶
Europe: Adriatic basin from Brenta to Vomano drainages (Italy, Switzerland); Tyrrhenian basin from Bevera (French-Italian border) to Volturno drainages (Italy). Introduced to Liguria and southern Italy.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: conspicuous black midlateral stripe and conspicuous black line along lateral line in preserved individuals; in life, broad gold-orange stripe; lateral line yellow, bordered on echo side by a narrow black line; 43-49 + 2-3 scales along lateral line; 3½ scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin; anal fin with 8½ branched rays; tip of snout rounded, snout projecting beyond tip of upper lip; and eye diameter 3.3-3.6 times in HL (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in main rivers and small streams (Ref. 45688). Prefers to inhabit streams of piedmont and hilly areas, with moderately cold water, but may be found in most habitats. Feeds predominantly on aquatic invertebrates, also on epilithic algae. Spawns in areas with swift, shallow waters (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00383 - 0.01808), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100).