分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; 深さの範囲 0 - 56 m (Ref. 11004), usually ? - 9 m (Ref. 1998). Subtropical; 0°C - 30°C (Ref. 35682); 66°N - 30°N, 124°W - 59°W (Ref. 86798)
North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia to Mackenzie River drainage, Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Savannah River in Georgia, USA.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9988); common length : 19.1 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 12193); 最大公表体重: 1.9 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大記録サイズ: 11 年 (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits lakes, ponds, pools of creeks, and rivers. Also found in brackish water and in salt lakes. Most commonly found in clear water near vegetation; tends to shoal near the shore during spring (Ref. 9988, 10294). Feeds on immature insects, larger invertebrates, fishes and fish eggs during the day. Preyed upon by fishes and birds (Ref. 1998). Spawns between February and July in the northern hemisphere and between August and October in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 10999). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled or baked (Ref. 9988).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Nonobligatory plant spawner.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 公共の水族館
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00920 - 0.01501), b=3.05 (2.98 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.7 (3.1 - 4.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 24 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.17-0.19; tmax=11).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 30.3 [13.5, 69.8] mg/100g; Iron = 0.379 [0.205, 0.696] mg/100g; Protein = 17.5 [16.4, 18.6] %; Omega3 = 0.157 [0.070, 0.345] g/100g; Selenium = 18.5 [6.2, 51.4] μg/100g; VitaminA = 26.1 [11.2, 61.2] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.785 [0.530, 1.181] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.