Classification / Names
आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल; खारा बेनथोपिलाजिक; गहराई सीमा 0 - 56 m (Ref. 11004), usually ? - 9 m (Ref. 1998). Subtropical; 0°C - 30°C (Ref. 35682); 66°N - 30°N, 124°W - 59°W (Ref. 86798)
North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia to Mackenzie River drainage, Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Savannah River in Georgia, USA.
Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age
Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 9988); common length : 19.1 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 12193); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 1.9 kg (Ref. 40637); अधिकतम सूचित उम्र: 11 वर्षो (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits lakes, ponds, pools of creeks, and rivers. Also found in brackish water and in salt lakes. Most commonly found in clear water near vegetation; tends to shoal near the shore during spring (Ref. 9988, 10294). Feeds on immature insects, larger invertebrates, fishes and fish eggs during the day. Preyed upon by fishes and birds (Ref. 1998). Spawns between February and July in the northern hemisphere and between August and October in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 10999). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled or baked (Ref. 9988).
Nonobligatory plant spawner.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
मात्स्यिकी: व्यापारिक; आखेट मत्स्य: हां; जलजीवालय: सार्वजनिक लजीवालय
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00969 - 0.01561), b=3.04 (2.97 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.7 (3.1 - 4.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 24 growth studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179
): माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (K=0.17-0.19; tmax=11).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 30.3 [13.5, 69.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.379 [0.205, 0.696] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [16.4, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.157 [0.070, 0.345] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.5 [6.2, 51.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.1 [11.2, 61.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.785 [0.530, 1.181] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.