Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); tenebrosa: From the Latin adjective tenebrosa, meaning dark or gloomy, in reference to the dusky color of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 93080). Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 93080)
Asia: Kwai Noi, Mae Khlong basin in Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93080)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Distinguished from all congeners by a uniform dusky brown color pattern without marks on dorsum or side of body and many conspicuous supplementary neuromasts along the lateral line and on the head. Can be further diagnosed from other congeners lacking brown or black marks on body by its dark brown color, incomplete lateral line extending only to beneath dorsal fin, and origin of dorsal fin located above origin of pelvic fin (Ref. 93080).
Mostly found in small streams in rubble riffles. Usually collected in areas where riparian vegetation cover was > 50% and included mature deciduous trees, screw pines, bamboo, ferns, tall grasses, Alocasias sp. and a variety of other herbaceous plants. Substrate was composed mostly of small to medium-sized rocks (1-13 cm). Stomach contents of a 4.5 cm SL female consisted of chironomid larvae (Diptera) and a mayfly (Ephemeroptera). The following physico-chemical parameters were recorded in the sampling sites: 7.0 average pH; 8.2 to 8.5 mg/l oxygen; 0 mg/l ammonia; 3.1-9.8 mg/l silica; approximately 10-13 mg/l (pH 4.5) alkalinity; 15 to 48 cm/s velocity; 430 m asl average elevation; 4.8-7.2 m stream width; and 18 to 40 cm depth. Sympatric in the Mae Khlong basin with Schistura aurantica (Ref. 93080).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kangrang, P., L.M. Page and W.H. Beamish, 2012. Schistura tenebrosa, a new species of loach from Kwai Noi River system, Mae Khlong basin, Thailand (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa 3586:69-77. (Ref. 93080)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00256 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .