Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 6 m (Ref. 27370). Tropical
Western Pacific: endemic to the Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27370); 6.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 27. Light brown in color when preserved; color in life unknown. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.55 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.55 in SL; lower jaw slightly projecting; pointed snout, its length 4.2 (4.15) in HL; orbit diameter 3.0 (2.85); least interorbital width 5.7 in HL; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; nasal bone spineless, including premaxillary groove; large nasal fossa without spinules; preopercular spine 2/3 orbit diameter; longest dorsal spine 2.4 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-1.55 in HL (Ref. 27370).
Known only from 2 specimens taken with dynamite in Sulawesi in 1909 (Ref. 27370).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00806 - 0.03417), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .