Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 60°N - 58°N, 4°W - 2°W
Europe: Orkney Islands (Heldale Water, Hoy Island), Scotland in UK (Loch Meallt, Isle of Skye). Considered extirpated on Orkney Islands since at least 1908, but no recent confirmation. This or a similar species has recently been found in Loch Meallt.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from congeners in British Isles by the following combination of characters: mouth subterminal, lower jaw shorter than upper; blunt snout; steel-grey flank, belly white to pinkish or bright orange; flank with numerous whitish spots, mainly in upper half of body; pectoral and anal fins orange-brown to orange-red, pelvic to cherry-red, with white anterior margin (weakly in pectorals); pectoral fin about 2/3 of head length (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in a small eutrophic lake with depth of up to 3 m. Feeds on sticklebacks, molluscs and insect larvae. Attains a maximum size of up to about 22 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00473 - 0.02021), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .