Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Potamothrissa: Greek, potamos = river + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 7°N - 8°S
Africa: middle and upper Congo River system, especially in northern and eastern tributaries (Ref. 28136), in Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of the Congo. Also reported from the lower Congo (Ref. 42510).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 16 - 27. Body slender. Pre-pelvic scutes not strongly keeled, beginning under or just behind base of last pectoral fin ray, 7 to 10 + 10 to 12. Snout rounded; lower jaw not projecting, exactly meeting tip of upper when mouth closed, deepest at mid-point, with small saw-like teeth on each side; pre-maxillae with small teeth pointing downward; maxilla very slender; second supra-maxilla very small
Occurs in rivers and streams, but perhaps not in lakes. Feeds on aquatic insects (e.g. chironomid larvae) and hydracarians.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .