Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Placidochromis: Latin, placidus = of peaceful or tranquile appearance + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); polli: Named in honour of Dr. Max Poll, who was a well known Belgian ichthyologist; his revision of the Lake Tanganyika cichlids (Poll, 1956) is the most important taxonomic study of this fauna to date (Ref. 55898).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 49 - 126 m (Ref. 55898). Tropical; 12°S - 15°S
Africa: Endemic to the southern part of Lake Malawi.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55898)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: head length 32.3-34.8 %SL; head width 34.5-38.4 % head length; snout length 35.1-39.0 % head length; lower jaw length 36.4-38.8 % head length; premaxillary pedicel 28.3-30.7 % head length; outer oral dentition mainly unicuspid; lachrymal 23.1-26.1 % head length; cheek depth 19.1-23.3 % head length; interorbital width 16.2-17.8 % head length; lower pharyngeal teeth small and slender; predorsal distance 34.6-37.5 %SL; body depth 31.1-36.0 %SL (Ref. 55898).
Occurs usually in sandy and muddy bottoms at great depths and regularly taken below 75 m.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maréchal, C., 1991. Lethrinops. p. 233-240. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4985)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .