Pimelodus microstoma Steindachner, 1877

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Pimelodus microstoma
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes)
Etymology: Pimelodus: Greek, pimele = fat + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  microstoma: Named for Heraldo A. Britsky (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo).  More on author: Steindachner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin (Ref. 36506) and upper rio Paraná (Ref. 87365).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114987); max. published weight: 435.00 g (Ref. 114987)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13; Vertebrae: 43. Distinguished by the following combination of characters: small dots irregularly placed (forming 8-9 rows) and most developed in the anterior two thirds of body; the mouth with thick striated lips; an enlarged posterior branch of the dorsal premaxillary process synchondrally articulated with the lateroanterior margin of mesethmoid; a right-angled posterolateral margin of mesethmoid; the exposed centra of the 7th vertebrae; and a large pharyngobranchial 3 with a well developed dorsal crest. Differs from P. fur in possessing more gill rakers on the first arch (19-22 vs. 16-18) and a wider mouth (32.0-35.1% HL vs. 24.6--30); and from P. absconditus in having a larger interorbital distance (22.2-29.2% HL vs. 18.6-22.7), a relatively smaller ratio between orbital diameter and interorbital width (70.8-115.0 vs. 104.1-148.9); a shallower body (19.0-24.5% SL vs. 21.6-26.9), a shorter head (25.8-28.9% SL vs. 27.5-30.8), a smaller predorsal length (36.2-39.9% SL vs. 38.7-42.9) and a smaller prepelvic length (47.4-51.0% SL vs. 49.3-53.1). Vomerine tooth plates occasionally develop in P. heroldi while they are always present in P. absconditus and absent in P. fur (Ref. 41259).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lundberg, J.G. and M.W. Littmann, 2003. Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). p. 432-446. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36506)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00380 - 0.00955), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .