Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phoxinus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish (Ref. 45335); likai: Named from the Lika-Dinaric karstic region of Croatia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: River Oruca system in Croatia. Probably endemic to the extensive endorheic river system of the Lika region and underwater connected rivers of the Croatian Adriatic slope.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 105385)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10. Phoxinus likai is distinguished from other congeners Phoxinus phoxinus, P. apollonicus, P. karsticus and P. ketmaieri by having patches of breast scales united and continuous across breast, except P. karsticus, where they are united only on anterior part. It differs also from P. karsticus by having 72-79 scales in longitudinal series (vs. 82-87 in P. karsticus) and 30-32 circumpeduncular scales (vs. 40-42 in P. karsticus). Other non-unique characters useful for the identification include:
pharyngeal teeth formula, 5.2 or 4.2, shared with P. phoxinus but not P. apollonicus; pored lateral line nearly complete, reaching almost the end of the caudal peduncle, (do not reach more than half of the length of caudal peduncle in P. ketmaieri and P. phoxinus); eye large, its diameter more than the preorbital distance, but less in the other species; snout short and blunt; longitudinal band from tip of snout to caudal peduncle where it forms a roundish spot; the band is more evident in the second half of the body; the flanks have 12-14 mid-lateral row of vertical elliptic blocks, more evident on the second half of body; anterior origin of anal fin placed at same level of vertical through posterior insertion of dorsal fin (Ref. 105385).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bianco, P.G. and S. De Bonis, 2015. A taxonomic study of the genus Phoxinus (Acthinopterigy, Cyprinidae) from Italy and western Balkans with description of four new species: P. ketmaieri, P. karsticus, P. apollonicus and P. likai. Res. Wildl. Conserv. 4:1-17. (Ref. 105385)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .